role of ethylene in ectomycorrhiza formation and Fusarium infection of Douglas fir roots

by James Herbert Graham

Written in English
Published: Pages: 126 Downloads: 741
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Subjects:

  • Ethylene.,
  • Douglas fir -- Diseases and pests.

Edition Notes

Statementby James Herbert Graham, Jr.
The Physical Object
Pagination[11], 126 leaves, bound :
Number of Pages126
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14224406M

for 21 days (Table 3). Fusarium oxysporum lycopersici, the causal agent of tomato wilt, required a compost temperature of 65°C for 21 days, using infected kernels as an inoculum (Christensen et al. ). Other Fusarium oxysporum sub-species appeared to be less temperature tolerant when tested by other Size: 1MB. infection is often disseminated, resulting in even higher rates [15]. Species of Fusarium have emerged as an increasingly important causal agent of opportunistic infections in humans [17]. The epidemiological distribution of fusariosis is controversial and a large. oxysporum and allowing the soil to air dry slowly in a autoclaved soil and on infection of tomato seedlings by glass jar on the lab bench for mo. The resultant Fusarium oxysporum chlamydospore population was determined by dilution- Avg. . (syn. head blight, ear blight) of wheat (Triticum aestivum) infection takes place at the stage of anthesis. At the time of grain formation the plant are tender and relatively unprotected (Parry et al). Disease caused by Fusarium are popularly referred to .

genus Fusarium now represents the second most frequent mold causing invasive fungal infections, and F. oxysporum, together with Fusarium solani and Fusarium verticillioides,is responsible for practically all cases of invasive fusariosis (8, 9). Human pathogenic isolates of F. oxysporum have polyphyletic. Fusarium head blight is a fungal disease in cereals, which is caused mainly by infection with Fusarium species. Hereby, the pathogenecity of F. culmorum, F. gramine-arum and F. poa is equal in barley and wheat (Hudec, ). Infection of agricultural crops by Fusarium species results in the contamination of foodstuff with mycotoxins. Role of Systemic Enzymes in Infections. Author(s): Shahid S. Abstract. Enzymes are complex macromolecules of amino-acids which bio-catalyse various body processes. Adequate concentrations of enzymes are essential for optimal functioning of the immune system. During infections, body’s enzymatic system is attacked and hence the. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. pisi, Race 6: Occurrence and Distribution and the roots were cut at approximately 4 sodium hypochloride for 2 min and plated on acidified potato dex- cm below the cotyledon attachment, dipped into the inoculum to similar, if not identical, to that of races 1 and 5 (4,7,8,10,11). Wilt are the only races of.

Histochemical and ultrastructural analyses were carried out to assess structural and biochemical changes in date palm roots pretreated with salicylic acid (SA) then inoculated with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis (Foa). Flavonoids, induced proteins, and peroxidase activity were revealed in root tissues of SA-treated plants after challenge by by: Chapter 2: Review of literature 29 60%, with significant yield losses due to very severe damage and ultimate death of millions of coffee bushes (Adugna et al., ).However, studies reveal that F. xylarioides causes more deaths of young coffee plants than any other Fusarium spp. (Serani et al., ). Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL) is a highly destructive pathogen of both. The capacity of a non-pathogenic strain of Fusarium oxysporum (IMI ) to control fusarium wilt of a susceptible tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) cultivar Danish Export caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici was examined along with the biology of that strain, including its phylogenetics. Based on the morphological and the molecular examinations, F. Fusarium wilt incited by Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht. causes a remarkable economic losses in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) growing areas. In this study, fourteen isolates of F. oxysporum were isolated from the diseased faba bean plants, showing wilt symptoms, obtained from different localities in Assiut governorate. The isolates proved to be pathogenic on Masr-1 faba bean .

role of ethylene in ectomycorrhiza formation and Fusarium infection of Douglas fir roots by James Herbert Graham Download PDF EPUB FB2

The role of ethylene in ectomycorrhiza formation and Fusarium infection of Douglas fir roots Public Deposited. Analytics × Add to and appearance of ethylene coincided with the formation of mycorrhizae; production by P. tinctorius-inoculated seedlings was inconsistent. Lateral root formation of Douglas-fir was stimulated by inoculation with Author: James Herbert Graham.

Fusarium-inoculated seedlings produced more ethylene sooner than seedlings inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi. The disparity in the levels of ethylene associated with ectomycorrhiza formation compared with Fusarium infection suggests a possible differential role for ethylene in symbiotic and pathogenic fungus-host interactions.

PMID: Cited by: Roots of 2-month-old Douglas-fir seedlings were exposed to six ethylene concentrations, ranging from (soil ambient control) to ppm, by adding ethephon, an ethylene-releasing compound, as. Ethylene was produced by aseptically grown Douglas-fir seedlings inoculated with C.

geophilum, H. crustuliniforme, and L. laccata and appearance of ethylene coincided with the formation of. Lateral root formation of Douglas-fir was stimulated by inoculation with C. geophilum, H. crustuliniforme, and L. laccata but was inhibited by P. tinctorius. Fusarium-inoculated seedlings produced more ethylene sooner than seedlings inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi mycorrhizal fungi Subject Category: Organism Groups see more by: Abstract.

The involvement of C 2 H 4 in plant responses to a variety of biotic and abiotic stress is well known (Abeles et al., ). The biotic stress includes parasitic and non-parasitic plant-microbe interactions, which play an important role in plant growth and development (Arshad and Frankenberger, ; Frankenberger and Arshad, ; Boiler, ; Abeles et Author: Muhammad Arshad, William T.

Frankenberger. Abstract. Stress C 2 H 4 represents collectively the accelerated C 2 H 4 production in plants induced by various abiotic (wounding, physical load, chilling temperatures, waterlogging, and exposure to chemicals) and biotic (disease and insect damage) factors.

Plant C 2 H 4 synthesis is often significantly increased during infection by pathogens and can also be induced by Cited by: 1. and nematodes,and infection by viruses,bacteria or increased levels of ethylene are probably involved in the plant’s response to counteract, or escape from, the stress conditions.

For example, upon submergence ethylene can initiate the formation of adventitious roots with aerenchyma (Visser et al. More recently, the availability of plant mutants that are affected in their response to ethylene has enabled the role of ethylene during infection to be studied without possible side effects inherent in the use of chemicals ().Moreover, a tomato line expressing the ACC deaminase (ACD) gene from Pseudomonas sp.

strain 6G5 has been constructed that is deficient in ethylene production, Cited by: Table 1. Chemical products evaluated to determine efficacy in controlling Fusarium or Pythium damping-off of greenhouse-grown Douglas-fir seedlings.x x All products applied as drenches directly after seed-sowing, except Thiram, applied as a seed-coating four hours before sowing.

Banana Crown Rot Postharvest Disease. Banana is one of the most important tropical crops and is affected by several fungal diseases, such as crown rot postharvest disease [].Crown rot is responsible for significant losses in banana fruits [1, 2].Predominantly, Colletotrichum musae and Fusarium spp.

are its causative agents [1, 2].Inoculum sources include mainly infected flowers Cited by: 4. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.

Links to PubMed are also available for Selected by:   The role of ethylene (ET) in resistance to infection with blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea) in rice (Oryza sativa) is poorly understood. To study it, we quantified ET levels after inoculation, using young rice plants at the four-leaf stage of rice cv Nipponbare (wild type) and its isogenic plant (IL7), which contains the Pi-i resistance gene to blast fungus race.

Introduction. Fusarium is regarded as one of the most adaptive and versatile genera in the Eumycota. One of its economically more important members is Fusarium oxysporum Schlechtendahl emend. Snyder and Hansen, which consists of both pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains (Gordon and Martyn, ).The plant pathogenic strains are divided Cited by:   Truffles are symbiotic fungi that form ectomycorrhizas with plant roots.

Here we present evidence that at an early stage of the interaction, i.e. prior to physical contact, mycelia of the white truffle Tuber borchii and the black truffle Tuber melanopsorum induce alterations in root morphology of the host Cistus incanus and the nonhost Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana ; Cited by: Experiments were conducted to test the relative ability of mycorrhizal and non‐mycorrhizal Douglas‐fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.)Franco] seedlings to tolerate and recover from drought conditions, using reduction in CO 2 fixation as an overall indicator of plant moisture stress.

Seedlings were watered daily or conditioned to cyclic drying and re‐wetting of the by: identification of Fusarium spp. We consider the highly virulent isolates to be F. commune based on strong genetic evidence. To our knowledge, this is the first reported evidence that shows F.

commune is a cause of Fusarium disease (root rot and damping-off) on Douglas-fir seedlings. Furthermore, several AFLP genetic markers and mtSSU sequences Cited by: New Phytol. (),Decomposition of ^^C-labelled substrates by ectomycorrhizal fungi in association with Douglas fir BY D.

DURALL*, A. TODDf AND J. TRAPPE Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OregonUSACited by:   Role of Phenols and Antioxidant Enzymes in Biocontrol of Fusarium oxysporum Causing Fusarium Wilt of Arachis hypogeae.

L (Groundnut) The activity was expressed as units. The pathogenic fungus (Fusarium oxysporum f. cubense, Foc) enters through the roots and blocks the vascular system causing the plant to wilt, followed by death of the whole plant [[].

Several existing disease management strategies such as crop rotation with rice, and injection of rhizomes with 2% carbendazim, are by:   Fusarium wilt of strawberry and evaluation of specific suppressiveness.

Typical symptoms of Fusarium wilt: (a) stunting, (b) crown rot, (c) deformed leaves as compared with (d) a. darkness, throughout the experiment, led to the formation of colonies with very little vegetative mass, conidia occurred rarely of the mycelium surface.

The incubation of Fusarium oxysporum f. glycines shows that infection develops dependently of the humidity (Table 3). At values of 15% R.H., the colonies were not formed.

Fusarium roots) based on morphological characteristics. Symptoms were reproduced Fusarium wilt disease Keywords Introduction Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit trees mentioned in the Holy Quran.

Its role as an income. Strigolactones (SLs) play important roles both inside the plant as a hormone and outside the plant as a rhizosphere signal in interactions with mycorrhizal fungi and parasitic weeds.

What is less well understood is any potential role SLs may play in interactions with disease causing microbes such as pathogenic fungi.

In this paper we investigate the influence of SLs on the. 4 stem blight for the early growth stages of wheat (Haidukowski et al.

).It is known that not just one Fusarium species cause Fusarium diseases in cropping systems but fungal complexes consisting of different Fusarium species which compete e.g. for nutrients during the infection of plant debris remaining on the soil surface (Xu et al.

Ectomycorrhiza: hyphae do not penetrate cells of cortex in root tips hartig net: growth of hyphae in between and around cortex cells fungal mantle only form in actively growing roots spp. of plants spp. fungi most ectomyco. fungi unable to degrade cellulose obligate vs. facultative; enhanced by high light, decreased by high N & P levels.

Keywords: Tomato, Fusarium Wilt, Plant Extracts, Antifungal Activity INTRODUCTION Fusarium wilt disease of tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. lycopersici is one of the most important and widespread disease of the cultivated tomato.

It is a soil borne pathogen in the class. 3 – infection rate of %, 4 – infection rate of %, 5 – infection rate of %, 6 – infection rate of %, 7 – infection rate of %, – infection rate of %. The results provided a basis for calculating the infection index (II), as described by McKinney (ŁACICOWA ).

Statistical analysis. 91 ZEN and BEA were confirmed and quantified by HPLC with a UV detector at nm for ZEN and nm for BEA at a flow rate of mL/min. The extracts were injected into HPLC system and identified by comparing retention times and UV spectra of the samples with those of the standards and further quantified by comparing peak areas from the samples with a calibration.

Trichoderma harzianum as a Growth Promoter and Bio-Control Agent against Fusarium oxysporum f. tuberosi Research Article Adv Crop Sci Tech4:. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. () Vol. Trichoderma and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Based Biocontrol of Fusarium udum Butler and Their Growth Promotion Effects on Pigeon Pea K.

Dehariya 1, A. Shukla 2, I. A. Sheikh 1, and D. Vyas 1 ABSTRACT The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of individual and co-inoculation of.Plant pathology (review) Fusarium wilt of peas (a review) JM Kraft US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, RR 2 Box A, Prosser, WAUSA (Received 12 June ; accepted 3 January ) Summary - Pea wilt was first described in and the pathogen identified as Fusarium oxysporum f sp pisi race 1 in Three additional races .T1 - Enzymes associated with Fusarium infection of barley.

AU - Schwarz, Paul B. AU - Jones, Berne L. AU - Steffenson, Brian J. PY - /1/1. Y1 - /1/1. N2 - Infection of barley with species of Fusarium has been reported to decrease malt yield, wort β-glucan, and viscosity and to increase wort soluble nitrogen, free amino nitrogen, and by: